General Format

Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word. Margins should be at least 1" on both sides and top and bottom and all text should be double-spaced. Materials should appear in the following order:
Title Page
Abstract (or Introduction) and Key Words
Text (Figure Legends and Tables)

Articles must be limited to 4,000 words (excluding the abstract, references, and figure legends). The reference list should not exceed 50 references, and the total combined number of figures and tables must be six or fewer. Multi-panel figures are acceptable.

All original articles should be submitted with a structured abstract, consisting of no more than 250 words and the following four paragraphs:
Background: Describes the problem being addressed.
Methods: Describes how the study was performed.
Results: Describes the primary results.
Conclusion(s): Reports what authors have concluded from these results, and notes their clinical implications.

The Introduction contains a concise review of the subject area and the rationale for the study. More detailed comparisons to previous work and conclusions of the study should appear in the Discussion section.

Materials and Methods
This section lists the methods used in the study in sufficient detail so that other investigators would be able to reproduce the research. When established methods are used, the author need only refer to previously published reports; however, the authors should provide brief descriptions of methods that are not well known or that have been modified. Identify all drugs and chemicals used, including both generic and, if necessary, proprietary names and doses. The populations for research involving humans should be clearly defined and enrollment dates provided.

Results should be presented in a logical sequence with reference to tables, figures, and supplemental material as appropriate.

New and possible important findings of the study should be emphasized, as well as any conclusions that can be drawn. The Discussion should compare the present data to previous findings. Limitations of the experimental methods should be indicated, as should implications for future research. 


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. A journal, magazine, or newspaper article should be given only one number; a book should be given a different number each time it is mentioned, if different page numbers are cited.
All references are identified, whether they appear in the text, tables, or legends, by English numbers in superscript. Examples of references are given below. 

(Corporate Author). Federation Dentaire Internationale. Technical report no. 28. Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis for dental patients with cardiovascular disease. Int Dent J 1987;37:235.


Tables should be numbered consecutively in English numbers in the order of their appearance in the text. A brief descriptive title should be supplied for each. Explanations, including abbreviations, should be listed as footnotes, not in the heading. Every column should have a heading. Statistical measures of variations such as standard deviation or standard error of the mean should be included as appropriate in the footnotes. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical rules.


Legends should be typed double-spaced with English numbers corresponding to the figure. When arrows, symbols, numbers, or letters are used, explain each clearly in the legend; also explain internal scale, original magnification, and method of staining as appropriate. Panel labels should be in capital letters. Legends should not appear on the same page as the actual figures.


Footnotes should be used only to identify author affiliations; to explain symbols in tables and illustrations; and to identify manufacturers of equipment, medications, materials, and devices. Use the following symbols in the sequence shown: *, †, ‡, §, ‖, ¶, #, **, ††, etc.


Inquiries regarding current submissions should be sent to: Editorial Specialist, Journal Fikrah Email:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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